Looking the same, obstetrics and gynecology are actually different branches of medicine. However, because the scope of services is the same, namely the two biggest health problems in women, then in Indonesia both are incorporated in one expertise or specialization called the obgyn term. In layman’s terms, obstetricians and healthy women obgyn, or often shortened to obgyn are obstetricians.
However, not many people know that obstetrics and gynecology specialists have a different focus on science.
Obstetrics and gynecology actually specialize in different things. Obstetrics is a medical science that specializes in studying pregnancy and childbirth. This includes the process before, during, and after a woman gives birth. Meanwhile, gynecology is a medical science that focuses on studying the female reproductive organs, including the vagina, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. This includes diagnosis, examination, or treatment. In addition, this branch of medicine also includes examinations and treatments related to breast.
Despite the differences in obstetrics and gynecology, both have a scope of work that falls into the two biggest health problems in women known as Obgyn.
Besides handling the process of pregnancy and childbirth, specialist Obgyn also handles fertility and menstruation problems, sexually transmitted infections (STI), hormonal disorders, to perform medical procedures on the pelvic organs and urinary tract. Although Obgyn and SpOG differ in terms of specialization, they generally graduate from medical studies and continue their four-year specialization program in obstetrics and gynecology. Specialization or residency programs train prospective obstetrics and gynecology specialists in pre-pregnancy health sciences, during pregnancy, childbirth and childbirth, postnatal health problems, genetics, and genetic counseling.
During pregnancy, obstetricians will carry out various examinations, including:
Monitor the health and development of your fetus, including routine ultrasound (ultrasound) tests and a series of other tests as needed
Checking health conditions that might cause problems during pregnancy or affect the health of the baby, such as: high blood pressure, diabetes, infection, or genetic disorders
Give advice on diet, exercise, meditation, and other healthy tips according to your needs to stay healthy.