Sciatica is a general term used to describe pain that radiates from the waist to the lower limbs. This pain occurs due to irritation of the sciatic nerve found in the spine. sciatica sos events are quite frequent. It is estimated that about 40 percent of adults have experienced sciatica in their lives.
Sciatica can occur when a person experiences pinched nerves or experiences other disorders that compress the pelvic nerve. Generally, this condition can recover without special treatment after some time. However, in some cases, special handling may be needed, such as surgery.
There are various causes of sciatica, but the most common are:
Hernia nucleus pulposus (HNP), ordinary people know him with the term pinched nerve.
Degenerative processes in the spine due to aging.
Spondylolisthesis, which is a shift in the spinal segment that usually occurs due to a collision or accident.
Narrowing of the ducts in the spine (stenosis), which generally occurs due to aging.
To find out the presence of sciatica, doctors simply do a physical examination and nerve examination on the lower limbs and soles of the feet. But to find out the exact cause of the sciatica experienced, usually an X-ray examination or MRI of the spine is needed. If sciatica is thought to occur due to a bone problem, an X-ray examination is needed to determine the bone abnormalities that are experienced. If a suspected nerve or muscle problem is the cause, a spinal MRI should usually be done.
Generally, sciatica is characterized by pain spreading from the waist to the lower limbs on one side of the lower limbs. Very rarely sciatica causes symptoms of pain in the right and left limbs. Pain that is usually caused feels like slashed or torn, and occurs continuously. But generally, the pain decreases when the sufferer lies down, and weighs when standing or sitting. Besides pain, sciatica can also cause numbness or tingling in the lower limbs or soles of the feet. If the condition is severe, the legs can also be difficult to move so that the sciatic patient has difficulty standing and walking.